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Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

Symptoms of TMD may occur in the head or neck.

Temporomandibular Joint : Areas of Pain
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A number of symptoms may suggest TMD, including the following:

  • Pain in the temporomandibular joint
  • Popping, clicking, or grating sounds or sensations in the temporomandibular joint while eating and/or drinking
  • A sensation of the jaw “catching” or “locking” briefly, while attempting to open or close the mouth, or while chewing
  • Difficulty opening the mouth completely
  • Pain in the jaw
  • Facial pain
  • Muscle pain/spasm in the area of the temple or temporomandibular joint
  • Headache
  • Ear pain
  • Neck pain
  • Swelling on one or both sides of the face

Revision Information

  • Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis. Lancet Neurol. 2006;5:257-267.

  • TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: Updated December 2010. Accessed April 5, 2013..

  • TMJ. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: Accessed April 5, 2013.

  • TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: Updated March 21, 2013. Accessed April 5, 2013.

  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated November 27, 2012. Accessed April 5, 2013.

The health information in this Health Library is provided by a third party. Parkridge Health System does not in any way create the content of this information. It is provided solely for informational purposes. It does not constitute medical advice and is not intended to be a substitute for proper medical care provided by a physician. Always consult with your doctor for appropriate examinations, treatment, testing, and care recommendations. Do not rely on information on this site as a tool for self-diagnosis. If you have a medical emergency, call 911.